New Release- Vesicular Stomatitis Confirmed in SD

Vesicular Stomatitis Virus (VSV) is a contagious virus which causes blister-like sores on the mouths, noses and sometimes feet of infected animals.  The virus has been detected in New Mexico, Arizona, Texas, Colorado, Wyoming, Utah and now in South Dakota. More information about the incidence and affected states are available at the USDA-APHIS web site.

VSV mainly affects equine and to a lesser extent cattle and swine and can be painful for animals and costly to deal with.

The blisters are most likely to affect the mouth, the tongue and around the nose/muzzle.  Pain from the blisters can make it hard for the animal to eat and drink. If cattle are infected, often the hooves and teats are involved leading to severe economic impact in dairy cattle.

Though very unusual, people can be infected with the virus. Vesicular Stomatitis Virus can cause flu-like symptoms and only rarely includes lesions or blisters in people.

More information about Vesicular Stomatitis is available online


Please be reminded of NJ importing requirements for animals coming from the affected states.


N.J.A.C.  2:5-2.2 Vesicular stomatitis

(a) All livestock, and wild and exotic animals, to be imported from states which have been identified as being affected with the contagious viral disease known as vesicular stomatitis must first obtain a permit for entry by telephone at (609) 671-6400or by fax at (609) 671-6413 (weekdays, 8:45 A.M.-4:45 P.M., EDT).

(b) Permits will be granted only for those animals that are accompanied by an approved Certificate of Veterinary Inspection which includes a statement that:

  1. The animals have been examined and found free of evidence of vesicular stomatitis:
  2. During the 30 days prior to shipment, the animals have not been within 10 miles of any premises on which vesicular stomatitis has been diagnosed within 60 days;
  3. The animals have not been exposed to any animal which has been vaccinated with vesicular stomatitis vaccine, of any kind, within the last 30 days; and
  4. The animals must have a negative test for vesicular stomatitis performed by an approved laboratory 10 days prior to shipment.

(c) Animals imported into New Jersey under such a permit shall be automatically quarantined for 14 days, and shall be isolated from other livestock until the quarantine expires or the animal(s) is released by the State Veterinarian or his or her representative.

(d) Premises suspected or found positive by official laboratory confirmation for vesicular stomatitis shall be quarantined by the Division of Animal Health, New Jersey Department of Agriculture.

(e) Once official laboratory confirmation of vesicular stomatitis exists, such premises shall remain under quarantine until the State Veterinarian of the New Jersey Department of Agriculture is satisfied that the risk of disease exposure no longer exists.



Dr. Manoel Tamassia

Director Division of Animal Health

NJ State Veterinarian

Phone: (609) 671-6400

Fax: (609) 671-6413